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July 18
InterStellar: ​Sharon Long receives National Academy of Sciences Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology
sharon_long.jpg

Photo Courtesy of Stanford University

The National Academy of Sciences recently honored Sharon Long, Stanford University, by awarding her the 2019 Selman A. Waksman Award​, which recognizes a major advance in the field of Microbiology. This award honors Sharon Long’s tremendous contributions to our understanding of the symbiotic interactions that lead to nitrogen-fixing legume root nodules. Her extensive body of work has moved the field of plant-microbe interactions forward, revealing a nuanced molecular dialogue between rhizobia and host that allow the bacteria to penetrate not only the root, but also root cells, where the metabolism of the two hosts becomes intertwined, resulting in a nutritional symbiosis.

In addition to consistently identifying and articulating core questions, Sharon leads by example, building a strong lab group, fostering a rigorous and collaborative environment that stimulates creativity and encourages development of a critical eye, holding herself to the highest ethical standards, and writing papers that clearly display the logic and reasoning behind the experiments. Sharon has been an outstanding mentor and advisor and a wonderful colleague. Congratulations, Sharon!

July 12
​InterStellar: Maria Harrison Elected to the National Academy of Sciences

Maria Harrison, William H. Crocker Professor at Boyce Thompson Institute, Adjunct Professor in the School of Integrative Plant Science (SIPS) at Cornell University, and IS-MPMI member, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

June 11
InterStellar: ​Jan Leach Receives Agropolis Foundation Louis Malassis International Scientific Prize for Agriculture and Food

Jan Leach, Colorado State University (CSU), received the Agropolis Foundation Louis Malassis International Scientific Prize for Agriculture and Food​ in the category “Distinguished Scientist.” She received the award in Montpelier, France, during the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry in May. The Agropolis Foundation Louis Malassis International Scientific Prize is awarded every 2 years and recognizes individuals for their “exemplary and promising contribution in promoting innovation through research, development and/or capacity building, in order to improve food and agricultural systems sustainability, as well as to address food security and poverty reduction.” As the associate dean for research in the College of Agricultural Sciences at CSU, Leach works with plant pathogens and insect pests and has focused on stabilizing disease resistance in rice to reduce losses, particularly in the developing world. Leach served as President of IS-MPMI from 1999-2001.


June 11
InterStellar: ​Sharon Long receives National Academy of Sciences Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology
sharon_long.jpg

Photo Courtesy of Stanford University

The National Academy of Sciences recently honored Sharon Long, Stanford University, by awarding her the 2019 Selman A. Waksman Award​, which recognizes a major advance in the field of Microbiology. This award honors Sharon Long’s tremendous contributions to our understanding of the symbiotic interactions that lead to nitrogen-fixing legume root nodules. Her extensive body of work has moved the field of plant-microbe interactions forward, revealing a nuanced molecular dialogue between rhizobia and host that allow the bacteria to penetrate not only the root, but also root cells, where the metabolism of the two hosts becomes intertwined, resulting in a nutritional symbiosis.

In addition to consistently identifying and articulating core questions, Sharon leads by example, building a strong lab group, fostering a rigorous and collaborative environment that stimulates creativity and encourages development of a critical eye, holding herself to the highest ethical standards, and writing papers that clearly display the logic and reasoning behind the experiments. Sharon has been an outstanding mentor and advisor and a wonderful colleague. Congratulations, Sharon!

May 16
Share Your News and Views in IS-MPMI Interactions

IS-MPMI Interactions is always looking for ideas and submissions. Submitting to this publication is the best way to get news and articles out to your fellow members. Th​e deadline to submit items for the next issue is May 24.

March 15
In Memory: Martin B. (Marty) Dickman

Martin B. (Marty) Dickman died December 2, 2018, in Carpinteria, California, following an illness. Marty was born in Flushing, New York. He received his BS degree at the University of Hawaii in Hilo in 1979 and his MS and PhD degrees at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in 1982 and 1986. He was a post-doctoral fellow at Washington State University in 1987 before joining the University of Nebraska as an assistant professor in 1987. In 2003, Marty was named the Charles Bessey Professor in Plant Pathology. He joined Texas A&M University (TAMU) in 2006 as a professor of plant pathology and microbiology. At TAMU, he held the title of Christine Richardson Professor of Agriculture and was director of the Institute for Plant Genomics and Biotechnology.

Marty was a preeminent scientist specializing in the area of genetics and molecular biology of fungi and fungal–plant interactions. He made numerous advances in the understanding of how necrotrophic fungi, through the activity of their metabolites, colonize plants and how plants, upon recognition of the pathogen, trigger a response known as “apoptosis,” a form of programmed cell death (PCD). Marty garnered national and international recognition for his research contributions and authored numerous refereed articles, which were published in the most highly respected scientific journals. In addition, Marty was an effective mentor who nurtured the careers of the next generation of scientific leaders. He also built the Norman Borlaug Center at Texas A&M University into one of the nation's leading institutions for modern plant biology.

Marty had a larger-than-life personality; he was gregarious and outgoing yet caring and nurturing. He was a wonderful colleague and had many friends in the scientific community. He was widely respected and was never shy to voice an opinion. The man had passion! He will be greatly missed by all that knew him. Moreover, he left a large and lasting footprint in our scientific community.

December 17
​InterStellar: Bart Thomma Receives Inaugural RKS Wood Prize

Editor's Note: Inter​Stellar is a new section of IS-MPMI Interactions that highlights members' accomplishments and accolades. 

IS-MPMI member Bart Thomma has received the first RKS Wood prize from the British Society for Plant Pathology (BSPP). BSPP reports that “the prize celebrates excel​lent science in the study of plant disease biology and its application in the protection of plants against pathogens.” Read more about Thomma and his accomplishments on the BSPP website. Also plan to attend Thomma’s plenary address at the IS-MPMI XVIII Congress in Scotland next year!

October 12
IS-MPMI Members Receive Awards at ICPP2018
September 27
Letter from IS-MPMI President Regine Kahmann

Two years have passed since the highly successful and scientifically stimulating XVII International Congress on Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions in Portland in 2016, and it is almost 1 more year to go until IS-MPMI XVIII convenes in Glasgow, Scotland, on July 14–18, 2019. This long period makes you wonder what IS-MPMI and the board of directors have been doing since 2016. 

This year’s efforts of the board of directors have been largely devoted to organizing the 2019 congress in Glasgow together with the local organizers, Paul Birch and John Jones, and the local organizing committee, representing all areas of IS-MPMI in the UK. We have decided in several sessions on the plenary speakers and the chairs of concurrent sessions. The goal has been to generate a mix of established and junior speakers with broad international representation and a good gender balance. Looking at the program, I think we have largely achieved this. It has also been very rewarding to hear that almost without exception, all the invited scientists have agreed to speak. I am also very happy to let you know that the financial situation of our society is such that we will be able to grant travel support to more junior scientists to attend the 2019 congress in Glasgow. The website to apply for this funding will open in early 2019.​


When I took over the presidency from Sheng Yang He in Portland, it was time to restructure the IS-MPMI Interactions platform—our forum to communicate with you. I felt that we should not miss out on the immense expertise of outstanding members of our society who have recently retired. It’s my great pleasure to report that Fred Ausubel, Paola Bonfante, Alan Colmer, Allan Downie, and Dan Klessig readily agreed to my inquiry and will from now on form a team of senior advisors for Interactions that the editor-in-chief can turn to for advice. Brad Day stepped down as editor-in-chief of Interactions, and Dennis Halterman enthusiastically took over the position and is breaking new ground by soliciting participation in particular of our younger members, who among other things have chosen eminent scientists for interviews. I still see room for improvement, i.e., more participation of our members. It would be great if you would tell us the topics you would like to see printed and discussed so that we can focus our efforts on content that matters to our members, in particular the junior members, to keep them excited about science and engaged in our society.

IS-MPMI is a truly international society, and we currently have about 1,000 members from 43 countries. I would be very happy to see more participation by members from all countries with respect to engagement in our society. IS-MPMI is an open society, and views and suggestions from all members are welcome. We would like to communicate with our members, and we appreciate your suggestions on how best to accomplish this goal, especially career advancement for our young members. We desire to foster a strong sense of community.

MPMI, the dedicated journal of our society, has been running smoothly under the expert guidance of John McDowell as editor-in-chief. John has made substantial efforts, together with his editorial team, to increase the visibility of MPMI during difficult times, in which more and more journals are launched and compete for papers. His 3-year term will end in December 2018, and we are happy to announce that Jeanne Harris will take over then. Let me take the opportunity to thank John for all of his time and effort devoted to MPMI. Let me also take the opportunity to thank members of the board of directors for their extremely valuable input during the many calls and for their willingness to take on responsibility for IS-MPMI affairs and advancing the functioning of our society. And a big thank-you to the staff for keeping our input into the daily affairs of the society to a minimum.

With respect to our science, I sense that times are changing: Model systems will certainly continue to be of enormous value by elucidating the basic mechanisms of how microbes interact with plants. When I attended my first IS-MPMI meeting in Interlaken in 1990, I was incredibly proud to be allowed to talk about a system that seemed odd at the time but since has become a model for biotrophic fungal–plant interactions. I find it truly rewarding that it has survived and flourished for three decades and continues to deliver unprecedented and exciting insights. Such models are important and will continue to be so. However, with the advent of new technologies, even difficult-to-handle systems of considerable importance in agriculture are becoming tractable. We should return to these: obligate and emerging pathogens, obligate symbionts, and the transplantation of entire systems, such as nitrogen fixation, into crop plants.

As I write this letter, I am on vacation in my summerhouse at the Baltic Sea. It is one of the driest summers on record, and it is horrifying to see plants getting weak first due to the drought and then succumbing to pathogens. Watching this happen not just in your own garden but also in the neighboring fields tells you that the importance of our work will grow if we want to solve worldwide problems of crop production under changing climate conditions. We need to improve plant productivity and contribute to a sustainable agriculture. The engineering of broad-spectrum and durable resistance continues to be one of the big future challenges. The availability of genome information of the most important crop species, together with modern genome engineering techniques, is expected to spur new initiatives in this direction. Another hurdle I see is that most of our results are obtained and validated in controlled laboratory settings. In most cases, we do not know to what extent traits we have introduced will work out under field conditions, where plants may be exposed not to one but to several threats simultaneously or in succession and/or to slowly changing environments, involving several factors. In this regard, it is shocking that in July 2018, the Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that gene-edited crops should be subject to the same regulations that are applied to conventional genetically modified organisms—even if they do not contain transgenes. This is a severe blow to the more translational research in our field in all of Europe. I can only hope that those of you who are affected by this ruling will not give up your fight against it.

I will end with a personal note: In one of his letters to you, Sheng Yang He, previous president of our society, voiced that he feels unsatisfied to witness young group leaders struggle to find a new niche and he suggested several solutions. I agree with him that this continues to be a problem. But I see an even deeper problem developing in science in general: Doing science may lose some of its attraction. For me throughout my scientific career, doing science, i.e., solving a scientific problem that you have picked yourself, has been immense fun and highly rewarding. I see this at stake not while you work on solving the problem but when you try to publish it. Our publishing culture, in my view, has eroded to a point that it becomes increasingly impossible to publish exciting new findings quickly, because you are asked to add more and more detail during several rounds of revision, which delays publication to an unacceptable length. Let me make clear that I am not talking about missing controls and/or flaws in the data but about an almost deliberate delay by the reviewers—who are our colleagues. I am afraid that such experiences will seriously damage the interest in basic research and may turn away our most promising young PhDs and post-docs from pursuing a scientific career. We will pick up this discussion with the board of directors and the IS-MPMI community to meet this challenge and develop an effective strategy, because the future also of our scientific field critically depends on the young scientists and their excitement, engagement, and fun in doing science and tackling the unknown.

I am very much looking forward to seeing many of you in Glasgow next year.

Best wishes,

Regine Kahmann, President

September 24
IS-MPMI XVIII Congress Hosts Booth at ICPP2018

IS-MPMI members shared information at ICPP2018 about the upcoming IS-MPMI XVIII Congress. Thank you to the members who volunteered at the booth!


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